Web development is also known as by website development (to make you understand in simpler term.)
So, Web development largely denotes to the tasks associated with developing websites for hosting via intranet and internet. The web development process comprises of Web design, Web content and network configuration amongst other tasks.
Web Design: In simpler words, it is the process of gathering ideas and artistically arranging and executing them by certain principles for a detailed purpose. It is the parallel process of creation with the intention of presenting the content on electronic web pages.
Web Content: Web content is one of the main reasons that individuals come to your web page. Basically, it is the textual-visual content that runs as a part of user experience on the website. It includes Images, Sounds, Videos and Animations as well.
Network Configuration: Network Configuration is the method of shaping and continuing information about all the modules of a computer network. This configuration comprises the location and network address of all hardware devices following up with the material about the programs.
A Brief History of the Web
Let’s talk about the history of web development. It will give us a good reference point for talking about “what is web development” today.
Web development started in a very different place than where it is now.
Early web development consisted mostly of creating static HTML pages, and navigation was done exclusively by hyperlinks.
An early web developer didn’t really create an “app.” They created a set of static web pages which were used to convey information and perhaps a few pictures, all linked together with hyperlinks.
In order for web development to be useful, there needed to be a way to make web pages more interactive and to conditionally render some content (or other content), as well as to track some kind of state.
Early web developers utilized a technology called CGI to create the earliest web applications which were able to conditionally generate HTML depending on data, like query strings, which were sent from the browser to the server.
Then came along actual web development frameworks which were designed to make CGI and dynamic generation of HTML easier.
You may have heard of technologies like ColdFusion or ASP. These were some of the early web frameworks which made web development much easier.
Now a web developer could create HTML mixed with special tags and markup to make the generation of that HTML conditional and could also execute certain logic to determine what kind of HTML to produce for a given web page.
This kind of technology worked like a templating language and allowed a huge number of developers to create web applications for the first time.
CSS also came along around this time to make it easier to style and change the style of web applications by giving HTML the role of defining content and CSS the role of defining the layout and style of that content.
Developers kept on trying to find ways to make the web more and more dynamic.
Eventually entire web applications were built dynamically without any page refreshes at all. These types of web applications are known as SPAs, or Single Page Applications. Ever been on a website, filled in some information on a form, pressed refresh, and the web page didn’t reload? That’s likely AJAX submitting the request. It makes it possible to dynamically change a web page without having to refresh it. Pretty cool stuff.
The web continues to move forward as it evolves to be more and more like desktop applications of the past, with the browser really starting to act like an operating system.
In fact, this has become so true that Google created a web-based OS called Chrome OS in which the OS is basically the Chrome web browser. One day everything will be hosted on the web because browsers will be powerful enough to run everything. It’s already moving in that direction as we see more and more Cloud-Based technologies popping up.
Classification Of Web Development
We can further classified web development in two groups:
Front end development: It is a part of a code, on the front of the application. Front end development or client side development usually interacts with the user and it presents the data in a proper manner.
Back end development: In much simpler words, it is never visible to the user, it generates the results. The core responsibilities of back-end development are, sending contact form, editing page content and signing from newsletter. The back end of a website comprises of a server, an application, and a database. A back-end developer shapes and maintains the technology that powers those components, it enable the user-facing side of the website to even be in the first place.
Therefore, Back-end developer receives and front-end developer’s implements.
Why web development is so important ?
The modern business world is evolving and website development is growing rapidly around the glob as a tool of business development. For your business to generate more businesses, your brand has to be seen by the customer, they need to here your promotions and taste what you have to offer and you need to reach your goal. Web development is the best platform to make these thing happen.
Here are the five critical reasons for business that will definitely clear your doubts about why web development is important.
- 24/7 accessibility
If you come up with a business idea, and you are only thinking about to make that business/idea in a physical equivalent [like a office] which is soon gonna help you to grow your business. Then you are wrong. You might catch audience throughout the day when you being present at there.This isn’t just enough.
People are quite tied up with their busy routine and daily life so it is not possible for everyone to come to your office fora visit. But if you develop a website that works exactly in the same manner as how your business works, you surely will get tremendous audience to your services. People will always prefer to look into everything the shortest way possible.
Fill up your website with every required data your customer/user so that they can access it easily and find the solution of their problem just by sitting on sofa.
2. World wide marketing or saving money on advertising
By having a website, you can link that website to every social media for marketing your services/business to a massive audience all around the glob.
You can regularly share your new products/services on those social media, so that your audience stay connected with your product/services that you are offering.
And guess what, all social medias are free of cost, you don’t need to pay a single penny for anything. Plus point is social media is everywhere even you will get more audience than your desired targeted audience from around the glob.
A website will save your money on advertising plus you’ll get your desired audience without any heavy work.
3. A trustworthy platform
A website is the most credible platform of a company/organization. By maintaining and developing your site with properly maintained links, relevant content and easy to use navigation you are sending a clear and confidant message to your customers.
When your website looks professional, your customers will trust that you not only understand the need of the market but that you are one of the best in the business as well.
4. Functionalities and features
It has been proven that users will simply ignore badly designed or broken websites, this means you should pay close attention to the way your website looks, feels and responds.
When a customer lands to your website they want to find what they are looking for as quickly as possible. The more you do to make it easy for them, the more likely they are to convert to a sale.
5. Communicate with your customers effectively
Interacting with your audience is vital when it comes to generating more businesses. By communicating with the audience you can deeply understand the needs of the customers and afterwards you can design your product/services in a manner that fulfills the requirement of your audience.
You can share your products review on your website where people can come and see how your product works and share their own view about the product or services. By engaging with your customer, you are building a trust, a bond which is the most essential part of any industry.
The Web Development Process
Now that we’ve explored the fundamental process of how a web page is displayed to a user, we can dive into the deep end and discover where web development comes in and how it is applied to allow that magical ping pong-process to occur. As a broad definition, a web developer’s primary purpose is to create a functional website that performs a set of particular, defined functions. Accomplishing this goal breaks down into three core phases.
Phase 1: Planning During this preliminary phase, a web developer will work closely with the client and other developers to plan the structure and core concepts of the site. This first phase is an ideal time to decide how the various pages and components of the site link to one another (also known as a sitemap). While the sitemap can take on many forms, it should effectively outline how a user will navigate around the site. During the planning phase, it is also vital to determine how the client will interact with the site as well. If the client will be posting blogs or adding products to the online store component, it is the planning stage that should specify exactly how these tasks will be performed.
Phase 2: Design The design phase is when the visual look and feel of the site is determined. This entails everything from color palette and fonts to page width and static image placement. If the planning phase determines what the user will do with the site, the design phase determines the where and the how. Typically a mock-up for each page or component of the site is created in Photoshop by a designer or multi-disciplined developer. This mock-up should typically include every visual element that is expected in the final page and is thus representative of what the client wants to see when visiting the website. Throughout the design process, it is critical to consider the target audience and demographic of the website. The design should closely correspond to both the appropriate user base the site is marketed toward as well as the intended use of the site.
For example, Google is intended for all audiences and emphasizes speed and efficiency of search results, which fits the minimalist design Google uses, including a visual look comprised of almost exclusively text. Netflix, on the other hand, is all about audio and visual content and thus focused on a very colorful, full-screen design to highlight the multitude of shows available on the platform.
Phase 3: Development The development phase is of course the most crucial for web developers involved in the project, and where the majority of time and energy will be spent producing the final product. For most modern websites, the development process is broken down into three architectural components that the web developer will intermix throughout the procedure.
- Application Logic: Often referred to as the model component, this represents the majority of the back-end code a developer will write to make the site function as expected. This logic is also where a developer must understand and utilize the connection between the site and the database that powers it.
- Presentation: Commonly known as the view component, this is where the mockup that was created during the design phase is used by a developer to recreate the look and feel of the mockup image utilizing the basic building blocks of HTML and CSS, such that the end result is a webpage that looks identical to the mockup.
- Connection: Also referred to as the controller component, this code defines the connections between the back-end business logic that handles the grunt work of the site and the front-end pages that users will access: It connects the back- and front-end code together.